BOOK OF PSALMS # 2
A. The Book of Psalms emphasizes:
1. The Problems of the saints.
2. The Prayers of the saints.
3. The Pardon for the saints.
4. The Praise of the saints.
5. The Personsaving the saints.
B. In the first article we referred to the first four points and concluded by saying: When we learn about the problems that all believers face both then and now. Then we can pray for forgiveness and help with our problems–especially those involving our sins. Then we can willingly accept God’s pardon for our sins. Then we too will conclude with nothing but “praise” for God’s marvelous mercy toward us–just as in the book of Psalms ends with: “Praise the Lord.”
B. In this article we will look at point number five which is, “The Person who saves the saints.” This of course is Jesus. The Psalms are about Him. He is the reason we can deal with our problems. He is the reason we can pray. He is the reason for our pardon. He is the object of our praise. The Psalms, as is the case with the rest of the Bible, are about a “Person” whose name is Jesus. Two verses make this very clear:
1. And beginning at Moses and all the Prophets, He expounded to them in allthe Scriptures the things concerning Himself. (Luke 24:27).
2. Then He said to them,” These are the words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things must be fulfilled which were written in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms concerning Me.” (Luke 24:44).
C. Jesus said this concerning Himself: There are things in the “Psalms concerning Me.”
D. This is what this article is about. It is about Jesus in the Psalms. What do we learn about Jesus from reading the Psalms? Here are a few things about Jesus (not nearly all) in the Psalms.
1. Psalm 2 is all about the rebellion of the rulers against Jesus (v. 1-5); the reign of Jesus in Zion (v. 6); the relationship of Jesus to His Father (v. 7-9); and the proper response to Jesus—which is affection (v. 10-12). This chapter provides a summary and the background for the rest of the teaching of the Psalms concerning Jesus. (See Acts 4:25-28; 13:33, Hebrews 13:28; and Revelation 12:5).
2. The Psalms speak of the Divine Nature of Jesus.
a. He is God (Compare Psalm 45:6-7 with Hebrews 1:8-9).
b. He is to be worshipped (Compare Psalm 97:7 with Hebrews 1:6).
c. He is your “Lord” so “worship Him.” (Ps. 45:11).
3. The Psalms speak of the Humanity of Jesus.
a. He did “visit” us in becoming a Man. (Compare Psalm 8:4-6 with Hebrews 2:6-9).
b. He did “visit” us and has “redeemed” us by the “knowledge of salvation” in the “remission of our sins” because of the sacrifice of Jesus. See Luke 1:68-77.
4. The Psalms speak of the Relationship of Jesus to His Father.
a. The Lord refers to Him as “My Son.” (Compare Psalm 2:7 with Hebrews 1:5).
b. He is God’s “Anointed.” (Compare Psalm 2:2 with Acts 4:27).
c. God referred to Him as “My King” because He reigns over God’s people (Ps. 2:7).
5. The Psalms speak of the Mission of Jesus on earth.
a. He came to “do the will” of God on earth. (Compare Psalm 40:7-8 to with Hebrews 10:5-10).
b. He would live successfully in truth, humility, and righteousness (Compare 45:4 with John 14:6; Matthew 11:28-30; 1 John 2:1).
6. The Psalms speak of the Teachings of Jesus.
a. He would teach by means of parables. (Compare Psalms 78:2 with Matthew 13:34-35).
b. He would proclaim “good news” of salvation (Compare Psalm 40:9-10 with Luke 4:16-19).
7. The Psalms speak of the Reactions to the coming of Jesus.
a. Jesus would be insulted (Compare Psalm 69:7-9 with Isaiah 53:3 and John 1:11).
b. His own brothers would not believe in Him. (Compare 69:8 with John 7:5).
c. The people would hate Him without a cause (Compare Psalm 35:19 with John 15:25).
8. The Psalms speak of the Attitude of Jesus.
a. He would be zealous for His Father’s house. (Compare Psalms 69:9 with John 2:17).
b. He loved righteousness and hated wickedness. (Compare Ps. 45:7 with Hebrews 1:9).
9. The Psalms predict the Betrayal of Jesus.
a. A “friend” would betray Him (Compare Psalm 41:9 with John 13:18).
b. Another would take the place of the betrayer. (Compare Psalm 109:8-9 with Acts 1:20).
10. The Psalms describes the Death of Jesus.
a. Psalm 22 is about the crucifixion of Jesus. The four gospels record the factof the crucifixion while Psalms 22 describes feelings of the Crucified.
b. Statements made while Jesus was on the cross are recorded in Psalm 22. (Compare Psalm 22:1 with Matthew 27:46; Ps. 22:7 with Matt. 27:39). Ps. 22:8 with Mt. 27:43).
c. They would pierce His hands and feet. (Compare Psalm 22:16 with John 20:25-27).
d. They would gamble for His clothes (Compare Psalm 22:18 with Matthew 27:35).
11. The Psalms predict the Resurrection of Jesus.
a. Psalm 16 is about His resurrection. (Compare Psalm 16:8-11 with Acts 2:25-32).
b. Psalm 2 speaks of Jesus being “begotten” from the grave or raised from the dead. (Compare Psalm 2:7 with Hebrews 1:5 and Acts 13:33).
12. The Psalms speak of the Ascension of Jesus.
a. He would ascend into heaven and give gifts to men. (Compare Psalms 68:18 with Ephesians 4:7-8.)
b. The King would enter the “gate of the Lord” as the “chief cornerstone” for the Lord’s house. (Compare Psalm 118:19-26 with 1 Peter 2:4-10).
c. The “King of glory” would come through the “everlasting doors” into heaven itself which Jesus did when He ascended to His throne in Heaven (Compare Psalm 24:7-10 with Daniel 7:13-14 and Luke 19:11-19).
13. The Psalms speak of the Reign of Jesus from Heaven.
a. He would sit at the right hand of God and rule in the midst of His enemies. (Compare Psalm 110:1-2 with Matthew 22:44and 1 Corinthians 15:25-26).
b. He would have an eternal throne, a ruler’s scepter, and a kingdom. (Compare Psalm 45:6-7 with Hebrews 1:8-9).
c. His throne would be established “forever” and it would be in the sky (Ps. 89:37) or “in heaven” (KJV). (Compare Ps. 89:35-37 with Acts 2:25-34).
14. The Psalms speak of the Priesthood of Jesus.
a. He was priest after the order of Melchizedek. (Compare Psalm 110:4 with Hebrews 10:5-6).
b. His people would be volunteers (Ps. 110:3).
c. All nations will be blessed in Him (Ps. 72:17).
d. Righteousness flourishes and there is peace during His reign as Priest and King (Ps. 72:7 with Zechariah 6:12-13).
e. All nations shall worship and serve Him forever and ever. (Ps. 45:6-17; 72:11).
f. The “whole earth” will be filled with His glory (Compare Psalm 72:19 with Isaiah 6:1-3 and John 12:41).
15. The Psalms speak of the Covenant and Mercy of Jesus
a. He would be the God’s “firstborn” and “highest of the kings of the earth (Compare Psalms 89:27 with Colossians 1:15and Revelation 1:5; 19:16).
b. The covenant of mercy will stand firm with Jesus because in Christ we have the “sure mercies of David.” (Compare Psalm 89:28 with Isaiah 55:3 and Titus 3:4-6).
15. Finally there are a number of Psalms that are almost entirely or entirely about Jesus and the salvation He offers in the His kingdom. Among those are Psalm 2; 16; 22; 23; 24; 45; 72; 87; 89; & 110.
Conclusion. This is by no means all that is said about Jesus in the Psalms. But it is enough for us to know that the Psalms do indeed speak concerning Him. (Lk. 24:44). The problems, prayers, pardon, andpraise are all connected to thisPerson named Jesus who gave His life to save believers. Keep in mind that the book of Psalms concludes with nothing but “praise” for God’s marvelous mercy which is ultimately expressed, exemplified, and explained in the life and mission of Jesus. The Psalms speak concerning Him and we “Praise the Lord!”
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Wayne Dunaway gandpministries.org