Note: If you did not get the “Introduction to Hebrews” read it first.
HEBREWS – CHAPTER ONE
I. CHRIST IS SUPERIOR TO THE PROPHETS (Heb. 1:1-3)
He is the complete and final revelation of God to man and for man.
Verse 1: God, who at various times – That is, many times or many parts. God revealed His will in many parts on many occasions little by little.
(1) For example, the prophecies concerning Christ were revealed little by little. See Gen. 3:15; 12:1-3; 49:10; Deut. 18:15-18; Isaiah 7:14; Isa. 9:6-7; Isa. 53; etc.
and in various ways – Different ways or methods. This refers to the different ways the prophets made known the revelations to the fathers about Jesus.
(1) For example, types, figures, dark sayings, as well as plain language, were used by the prophets in revealing the message of God about Jesus.
spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets,- A prophet is “one who speaks for another.” This refers to the prophets in the O.T. and includes the heads of the family in the Patriarchal Age. God spoke “through” them (O. T. prophets) “to” them (O. T. saints).
Verse 2: has in these last days – The Christian Age – the last dispensation of time on this earth. In the beginning there was “The Patriarchal Age;” next was “The Mosaic Age;” and then finally there was the last age or the “Christian Age” which began in Acts 2 and ends when Jesus returns the second time (Heb 9:28).
(1) Acts 2:15-17 Spirit was to be poured out in the “last days.”
(2) Luke 24:46-47 Authority of Jesus over the church began on Pentecost in Acts 2 and continues until the “end of the world” (Matt. 28:20).
(3) Acts 11:15 Peter referred to Pentecost in Acts 2 as “the beginning” of the “last days.”
spoken to us by His Son – Jesus spoke the words that the Father gave Him to speak. The authority to preach remission of sins “in Jesus name” had it’s “beginning at Jerusalem.” (Lk. 24:46-47).
(1) John 14:10 – “The words I speak, I speak not of myself….”
(2) John 8:28 – As the Father taught, He spoke.
(3) John 3:34 – Jesus spoke the words of God.
(4) John 12:49 – The Father gave Him commandment what to speak.
(5) Matt. 28:18 – Jesus has the authority to speak.
whom He has appointed heir of all things – An heir is one who inherits what the Father has. Jesus is the “heir” of the world and so are all saints (Rom. 4:13).
through whom also He made the worlds – Jesus was the active agent in creation.
(1) John 1:1-3, 14 – All things made by the “Word.”
(2) Col. 1:16 – By Christ were all things created.
(3) Eph. 3:9 – God created all things by Jesus Christ.
(4) Gen. 1:26 – “Let us” – This shows that more than one member of the Godhead was in on creation.
Verse 3: who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person – All that God is, has been expressed in Christ.
(1) John 14:8-9 – “He that bath seen me bath seen the Father.”
(2) John 1:18 – “No man has seen God; the Son has declared him.”
(3) NOTE: When we see Christ, we see the Father. His attitude and the way He acted when He was on earth is the same as the Father would have acted if He had come to earth instead of Christ. The way Christ acted in time of trouble, temptation, etc. is the same identical way the Father would have acted. The way Jesus loved and cared for others is exactly the way the Father loves and cares for others.
and upholding all things by the word of His power – Christ keeps things going. He not only created the world but He keeps the world going.
1. Rev. 1:5 He is the ruler of the kings of the earth.
when He had by Himself purged our sins – He took away our sins. He cleansed us from our sins by His death.
(1) John 1:29 – Takes away sin.
(2) Matt. 1:21 – He saves from sin.
sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high
– He sat down on the right hand of God.
(1) Acts 2:33 — Peter said that is where He is.
(2) Heb. 8:1 – He is on right hand of Majesty in the heaven.
(3) Heb. 12:2 – He is on “right hand of the throne of God.”
CONCLUSION: Why is the Son superior to the prophets? Because:
(1) He is the Son (v. 2a).
(2) He is heir of all things (v. 2b).
(3) He made the worlds (v. 2c).
(4) He is the express image of God (v. 3a).
(5) He upholds all things by the word of His power (v. 3b).
(6) He is seated at the right hand of God (v. 3c).
(7) He is more than just a prophet. He is also Priest and King.
(a) Prophet – He spoke (v. 1).
(b) Priest – He made purification for sins (v. 2a).
(c) King – He sat down on throne (v. 2b).
(8) Christ is superior to the prophets because these things cannot be said about the prophets, but they can be said about the Son.